Permanent Account Number(PAN) is a unique 10-digit alphanumeric identity allotted by the Income Tax Department. PAN is mandatory for financial transactions such as receiving taxable salary or professional fees, sale or purchase of assets above specified limits, buy mutual funds and many more.
The primary objective of PAN is to use a unique identification key to track financial transactions that might have a taxable component to prevent tax evasion. The PAN number remains unaffected by change of address throughout India.
PAN is required in any sort of communication with the income tax department like:-
Any entity or individual that is required to deduct taxes at source while making specific payments such as salary, rent etc need to first obtain TAN number.
Tax Deduction Number (TAN) is a 10-digit alpha number required to be obtained by all persons who are responsible for Tax Deduction at Source (TDS) or Tax Collection at Source (TCS). The person deducting the tax at source is required to deposit the tax deducted to the credit of Central Government - quoting the TAN number. On deducting tax at source, the entity registered for TAN will issue a TDS Certificate as proof of collection of tax.
To obtain TAN, application must be made for allotment of TAN in Form 49B along with the required supporting documents. Based on the application, the TAN will be allotted to the entity and the entity must quote the TAN in all TDS/TCS returns, TDS/TCS payment challans and all TDS/TCS Certificates.
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